Archive for the ‘Puzzle’ Category

Two Clues to the Origin of Life

November 17, 2017

Two big CLUES to how life began on Earth.

1. There had to be continual energy.

Because of the energetic continuity requirement – which follows from the Darwinian evolutionary continuity principle (see Lahav (1999); Wolf and Koonin
(2007) and references therein) – the energy flows that deserve attention in evolu-
tionary context are those that remain constant on the evolutionary relevant, geolog-
ical timescale. This consideration essentially discounts the evolutionary importance of occasional energy inputs from impact bombardment, atmospheric electric
discharges, shock waves, volcanic explosions, and so on. It is also unlikely that life could notably depend on the chemical compounds that were produced or delivered during such occasional events. It seems implausible that the first life
forms could wait from one occasional event (e.g., volcanic explosion) to another to get energy and nourishment. There are no known organisms that obligatorily depend on such irregular sources of energy and matter.

2. Bases and UV.

The exclusive feature of natural
nucleobases is their unique photostability (Cadet and Vigny 1990). Since this trait is not related to the storage of genetic information, several authors (Skulachev 1969; Sagan 1973; Cadet and Vigny 1990) have noted that this property could have
been of some use when the UV flux at the surface of primordial Earth – owing to the absence of the ozone layer – was much stronger than it is now. Nucleobases apparently can absorb excess energy quanta from sugar-phosphate moieties and protect them from photo-dissociation (Goossen and Kloosterboer 1978). This feature explains why the UV damage to the backbones even of modern RNA and DNA molecules is 103–104 times less frequent than the destruction of nucleobases proper (Cadet and Vigny 1990). Under the assumption that the unique photostability of nucleobases could hardly be incidental, we have argued that
natural nucleotides should have been selected within the reach of solar light and that nucleobases may have protected the first RNA-like polymers from photo- dissociation (Mulkidjanian et al. 2003).

Both quotes from Mulkidhanian papers.

My suggestion is that life is the most stable chemical system under daily UV radiation. The problem with most origin of life scenarios is that there is nothing forcing the change except fate or fluke events. That problem is solved when the origin of live is a response to a daily cycle of UV. Then chemical systems have to change and adopt or they are destroyed.

Which is more probable, a one time pop up of 5 or so linked chemical steps that each have to occur in the proper order in a hostile environment that they are not protected in and that would quickly destroy each step, OR a chemical selection over millions of years of UV radiation?

My paper:
http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/U/UV_origin_of_life.html

For everything else see the website
tomhendricks.us

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Musea Quiz 10/17

October 24, 2017

The answer to, and winner (if any) for, our last contest question of:

I say Earthlings have landed on Mars. You say no.
When I tell you why I know that it is true, you will say … Yes Tom you are correct and I was wrong. Explain what is going on!

IS …
Bacteria are Earthlings just as much as you and me. Though NASA does everything it can to keep the outer space hardware sterile, I doubt they cover EVERY bacterial Earthling. So I say, recently, Earthlings have landed on Saturn – and in all likelihood when the spacecraft Cassini fell into Saturn 9/15/17, there were bacteria aboard and they went down with the ship!

I had no correct eligible answers. Seems you didn’t have a GERM of an idea on this one. I don’t dumb down so please wise up.

Now on to a new Q.: Win a copy of any of my 9 CDs, or copy of one of my artworks IF you are the first to …

E-MAIL ME AT THIS ADDRESS: tom-hendricks @ att.net(remove blanks of course) with the correct answer to the following art question .

DEDICATION: These contests are dedicated to my sister, Peggy, who answered more of the questions correctly than anyone else.

QUESTION;
What is this … ?

FINE PRINT: The CD prize is only available to those with mailing addresses in the US. Foreign winners will have to settle for the miniscule fame alone, and the satisfaction of a job well done. But don’t forget you can listen to all the music , read all my writings, and see all the art, whether you win or lose – and I’d be glad if you did!

Readers, IF you like these puzzles and would like to resend them to friends, post them on any newsgroup, or any website, please do so. The more the merrier!

For all things TH, (music, art, writing, Musea, etc) see
tomhendricks.us

Tom Hendricks
(editor of the 25 year old zine Musea)

Biological Basis to Fear and Anger?

October 23, 2017

Finally, after studying the problem over many many years, I may have some discoveries about where Fear and Anger came from.

SUGGESTION, the two key emotions of FEAR and ANGER have a very specific biological basis.

Both emotions have evolved out of key parts of the digestive system in all living things. The two are tied to taking in nurturing while protecting against infection.

FEAR is the body’s response to any infection.
FEAR helps us BLOCK OUT and EXCRETE OUT infection.

ANGER is the body’s response to hunger.
ANGER helps us TAKE IN and HOLD IN nurturing.

We are AFRAID when we think there may be infection.
We are ANGRY when we are hungry.

FEAR seems to be most active around the mouth and nose before eating.

ANGER seems to be the most active in the small intestines when taking in nurturing.

SUGGESTION, most of these digestive emotions of fear and anger, happened in infancy when we were setting up our body’s digestive system and defense system. That was the time of the most danger. That was also the time of the most emotions of fear and anger.

SUGGESTION, because the digestive problems of infancy were unconscious developments, and because they were the most intense periods of infection fear and nurturing anger; they may lead us to unconscious adult problems of excess fear, or excess anger.

This leads to all the autoimmune diseases and negative behavior connected with this excess, repressed, infant, fear and anger.

There is much much more to this, and more implications than I can fathom right now.

Tom Hendricks – tomhendricks.us website.

Quizzical for October 2017

October 3, 2017

The answer to, and winner (if any) for, our last contest question of:

Peter Tork, an official Monkee member said that when the producers were getting the cast for the TV show of the same name; they actually thought of using a working known band for the part of the musicians. They auditioned a well known rock group of that time, but it didn’t work out. Seems their playing was fine but acting was not. Name the band that didn’t make the cut.

IS …
The Lovin’ Spoonful.

I had no correct eligible answers. “Do You Believe in Magic?” Maybe you should stick with facts to find the answer to this one! I don’t dumb down so please wise up.

Now on to a new Q.: Win a copy of any of my 9 CDs, or copy of one of my artworks IF you are the first to …

E-MAIL ME AT THIS ADDRESS: tom-hendricks @ att.net(remove blanks of course) with the correct answer to the following art question .

DEDICATION: These contests are dedicated to my sister, Peggy, who answered more of the questions correctly than anyone else.

QUESTION;
I say Earthlings have landed on Mars. You say no.
When I tell you why I know that is true, you will say … Yes Tom you are correct and I was wrong. Explain!

FINE PRINT: The CD prize is only available to those with mailing addresses in the US. Foreign winners will have to settle for the miniscule fame alone, and the satisfaction of a job well done. But don’t forget you can listen to all the music , read all my writings, and see all the art, whether you win or lose – and I’d be glad if you did!

Readers, IF you like these puzzles and would like to resend them to friends, post them on any newsgroup, or any website, please do so. The more the merrier! For all things TH, (music, art, writing, Musea, etc) see

tomhendricks.us

Tom Hendricks
(editor of the 25 year old zine Musea)

Quizzical for 8/17

August 24, 2017

The answer to, and winner (if any) for, our last contest question of:

When was London in San Francisco?
IS …
JACK London was born in San Francisco in 1876, so London was in SF in 1876.

Yeah I know it was a trick question and sneaky! I had no correct eligible answers. Seems you neither crossed the Golden Gate or the Tower Bridge to get to the other side on this one. I don’t dumb down so please wise up.

Now on to a new Q.: Win a copy of any of my 9 CDs, or copy of one of my artworks IF you are the first to …

E-MAIL ME AT THIS ADDRESS: tom-hendricks @ att.net(remove blanks of course) with the correct answer to the following art question .

DEDICATION: These contests are dedicated to my sister, Peggy, who answered more of the questions correctly than anyone else.

QUESTION;
Peter Tork, an official Monkee member said that when the producers were getting the cast for the TV show of the same name; they actually thought of using a working known band for the part of the musicians. They auditioned a well known rock group of that time, but it didn’t work out. Seems their playing was fine but acting was not. Name the band that didn’t make the cut.

FINE PRINT: The CD prize is only available to those with mailing addresses in the US. Foreign winners will have to settle for the miniscule fame alone, and the satisfaction of a job well done. But don’t forget you can listen to all the music , read all my writings, and see all the art, whether you win or lose – and I’d be glad if you did!

Readers, IF you like these puzzles and would like to resend them to friends, post them on any newsgroup, or any website, please do so. The more the merrier! For all things TH, (music, art, writing, Musea, etc) see tomhendricks.us

Tom Hendricks
(editor of the 25 year old zine Musea)


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